The field of cervical and lumbar total disc replacements is expanding as physicians gain better understanding of how the body responds to various treatments. Dr. Lanman was one of several physicians who shared their expert knowledge regarding the human body’s reaction to various devices and surgical techniques. This study addressed physician observation about the advancements that have been made in understanding the very advance field of alternative biomaterials, such as stainless steel and polycarbonate urethane that are now being used for patients that need total disc replacement. They also shared their analysis of the state of the art in preclinical testing of total disc replacement surgery. This study was originally published in the publication Seminars in Spine Surgery, March 2013. Dr Lanman’s co-authors: Steven M. Kurtz, Jeffrey M. Toth, Ryan Siskey, Lauren Ciccarelli, Dan MacDonald, Jorge Isaza, Ilona Punt, Marla Steinbeck, Jan Goffin, and André van Ooij.
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